|Plane trees of London
External references and websites
- Trees and
Shrubs Online from the International Dendrology Society. This
has an article on the genus with links to several species. It
incorporates content originating in Bean's Manual, and thus
specific to the UK. See the print references below for Bean's
- Bean's Trees and
Shrubs is the full text of recent editions of Bean's Manual,
which is now online. (This is also referred to in references to the print editions below.)
plane, from Wikipedia. These provide basic information, with
with other linked pages for the other species.
- Website of the London Tree
Officers Association, with some useful information including
diseases in detail. Some of it is private, but some articles are
freely available; material is likely to be specific to London.
- Arboriculture & Urban
Forestry Online which includes the former Journal of
Arboriculture. The journals and website include a number of useful
Checklist of cultivated Platanus, by Santamour and McArdle, 1986,
from the above website. This contains a complete or near complete list of named and cultivated forms known at the time.
- Forest Research
(UK) website , has a collection of general resources, with a
couple of articles on plane diseases in the UK.
- Van der Berk
Nurseries (Netherlands and UK) grows several cultivars and
provides some images and short descriptions.
- Ebben Nurseries
(Netherlands) grows a range of cultivars. Very basic descriptions,
but many forms come with detailed, close-up photographs.
Greater London Authority tree data holds a compilation of local
authority tree data. Most of is of street trees, with their types
and locations. It varies in format, collection date, and precision.
Some boroughs are not represented, and some data is out of date. It
is downloadable under the Open Government Licence, in csv or xlsx
format, as a single table.
trees, which records some of the largest London Planes across
the world, but mainly in western Europe. It includes the national
record-holders for girth in the UK. Pages are also present for P.
orientalis and some other species.
Some of those used for the preparation of this website, or
otherwise of general use.
- Trees and Shrubs hardy in the British Isles, originally by
William Jackson Bean, (aka Bean's Manual), 8th Edition, 1970/1976.
The content of this work has been put in the public domain now, and
can be found also in Trees and Shrubs Online. It
contains an extensive account of the genus, though largely referring to trees that are grown in Britain,
with some comments about nearby Europe. It has been the principal
source of information for this website. It also contains accounts
of particularly large or fine specimens, often in London and the
South East (Bean having been Director of Kew Gardens in the
1920's). Some of these specimens appear to have been lost now.
- The European Garden Flora, vol. IV, contains details of P.
orientalis, P. x acerifolia, P. 'Augustine Henry', P.
'Pyramidalis', P. 'Suttnerii', P. occidentalis, P. orientalis
'Digitata', P. racemosa, and P. wrightii.
- Mitchell (Field guide to the trees of Britain and Northern
Europe) has accounts of P. orientalis , various clones
included under P. x acerifolia, with brief mentions of some
- Hillier's Manual lists the following additional forms not
listed above; P. x acerifolia 'Tremonia', P. orientalis
v. insularis .
- Flora of the London Area (London Natural History Society, 1983)
contains a plan showing the distribution of reported seedlings
within Greater London.
- The "Gardener's Chronicle" in the 1860's carried accounts by
Thomas Rivers, of the growth of nursery stock in Britain, and of
the cultivar that he called 'Palmata'. Two of them are reproduced
on this website - the 1860 article and
the 1866 article.
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